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Nov 22, 2021
Microsoft Exchange Vulnerability - CVE-2021-42321
THE THREAT eSentire has identified publicly available Proof-of-Concept (PoC) exploit code, for the critical Microsoft Exchange vulnerability CVE-2021-42321. CVE-2021-42321 was announced as part of Microsoft’s November Patch Tuesday release. Exploitation would allow a remote threat actor, with previous authentication, to execute code on vulnerable servers. Prior to the patch release, Microsoft…
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Security advisories — Sep 14, 2021

Update 2: Microsoft Zero-Day Vulnerability Announced - CVE-2021-40444

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THE THREAT

UPDATE 2: As of September 14th, Microsoft has released security patches to address CVE-2021-40444 for all impacted versions of Windows. eSentire has tested the update and confirmed its validity against public exploits. Organizations are strongly recommended to apply these security patches as soon as possible, as exploitation in the wild is ongoing.

UPDATE: As of September 11th, public Proof-of-Concept (PoC) exploit code has been released for CVE-2021-40444. The availability of PoC code is expected to result in widespread exploitation of this vulnerability in the near future. eSentire security teams will continue to review exploit and malware samples for additional detection and prevention opportunities.

On September 7th, 2021, Microsoft announced a new critical zero-day vulnerability impacting Windows devices. The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2021-40444 (CVSS: 8.8), is an unauthenticated Remote Code Execution vulnerability. In an attack scenario, an adversary would send a maliciously crafted document to the potential victim; if the document is opened, code execution is achieved.

Microsoft has confirmed that targeted exploitation is ongoing. It is recommended that organizations apply the available security patches as soon as possible.

What we’re doing about it

What you should do about it

Additional information

External security researchers have identified potential bypasses to the mitigations provided by Microsoft. As such, it is highly recommended that organizations apply the relevant security patches. Microsoft claims that both Microsoft Defender Antivirus and Defender for Endpoint can detect the exploitation of this vulnerability. It should be noted that user interaction is required for successful exploitation of this vulnerability. As such, users should be informed of the risks of opening unexpected documents and emails.

CVE-2021-40444 is a vulnerability found in MSHTML, the file that allows Microsoft Internet Explorer to read and display HTML webpages.

At this point, attacks exploiting CVE-2021-40444 are believed to be targeted in nature, likely by a single threat actor group. The publication of the vulnerability’s details, as well as the public release of Proof-of-Concept exploit code, is likely to lead to wider exploitation in the immediate future.

Impacted Products:

References:

[1] https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/vulnerability/CVE-2021-40444
[2] https://twitter.com/GossiTheDog/status/1435570418623070210

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