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THE THREAT PetitPotam is a variant of the NTLM Relay attack discovered by security researcher Gilles Lionel. It is tracked as an authentication bypass vulnerability in Active Directory (Certificate Services); currently no CVE identifier has been assigned to this vulnerability. Proof of Concept (PoC) code released last week [1] relies on the Encrypting File System Remote (EFSRPC) protocol to…
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Security advisories — Aug 22, 2019

Office 365 Phishing Follow-Up

2 min read

The Threat

The eSentire Threat Intelligence team continues to observe various Microsoft themed phishing emails leveraging cloud services to host Office 365 credential phishing pages [1].

Due to the convincing nature of these phishing emails, end-users are encouraged to increase their awareness of this threat. Network administrators are encouraged to review the recommendations below and ensure email controls are effective.

What we're doing about it

What you should do about it

Users

Network/Email Administrators

eSentire has observed consistent use of blob[.]core[.]windows[.]net or azurewebsites[.]net to host phishing links, and recommends the following:

If these domains are used legitimately and cannot be blocked, ensure staff are aware of the risk and verify sender addresses before opening links or attachments

Additional information

Emails observed over the last month have generally been Microsoft themed. When combined with the use of Microsoft links, the authenticity of the email can be difficult to ascertain.

Observed lures in this campaign include fake PowerPoint presentations (Figure 1), Office 365 forwarding alerts (Figure 2), Office 365 email quarantine (Figure 3), and Microsoft Excel pages (Figure 4).

Appendix:

Figure 1: PowerPoint lure, clicking open or “Roadmap for Q4’19” leads to a blob[.]core[.]windows[.]net Office 365 phishing page.

[image src="/assets/f1b2d16511/fig1.png" id="2390" width="404" height="330" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="fig1"]

Figure 2: Forwarding/redirect rule lure. If “Investigate” is clicked, the users is directed to a blob[.]core[.]windows[.]net Office 365 phishing page.

[image src="/assets/fe58b08860/fig2-v2.png" id="2391" width="482" height="263" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="fig2 v2"]

Figure 3: Office 365 email quarantine lure. If “Review Here” is clicked, the user is directed to a blob[.]core[.]windows[.]net Office 365 phishing page.

[image src="/assets/158c0b2b77/fig3.png" id="2392" width="531" height="345" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="fig3"]

Figure 4: Microsoft Excel Lure. When the user clicks on either “To Open” or “Bonus 2010 form.xls” they are redirected to a credential phishing page hosted on blob[.]core[.]windows[.]net.

[image src="/assets/ca8f8a3c16/fig4.png" id="2393" width="562" height="308" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="fig4"]

Figure 5: Transport Rule example

[image src="/assets/14612aae21/fig5.png" id="2394" width="551" height="608" class="leftAlone ss-htmleditorfield-file image" title="fig5"]

References:

[1] https://www.esentire.com/security-advisories/hex-encoded-links-point-to-phishing-pages-on-microsoft-cloud-services/